Age of Earmarks
University of Kentucky
The federal government transfers considerable sums to local governments in the form of intergovernmental
grants.2 With the exception of health and welfare programs, most intergovernmental grants to local
governments are classified as discretionary spending. In its annual appropriations process, Congress decides
how funding for discretionary spending will be broken up among the various agencies, but more detailed
decisions about specific uses of funds are left to the executive branch.
Published: March, 2018